Whereas the English system
distinguishes between barristers and solicitors, and other systems
(like the German) between attorneys and legal advisers, there is only
one type of attorney (Rechtsanwalt) in Austria.
He enjoys a monopoly in
comprehensive professional (regular and profit oriented) legal
representation before all courts and administrative authorities, and
may render legal advice in all court or out of court, public or
private matters not to forget the broad range of any kind of trust
Under a special federal statute regulating the profession (Rechtsanwaltsordnung), Austrian attorneys are organised in 9 regional Bar Associations (Rechtsanwaltskammer), one for each Land. They are self-governing public law corporations with obligatory membership. They register attorneys, appoint bar examiners, and supervise the ethical conduct of their members under a strict code of professional responsibility.